The volume of raw leather in the Russian leather market has deteriorated seriously

by:JIYALI     2021-08-09
Russia has a long history of leather processing and is a traditional leather processing country. As early as the early 1990s, Russia's leather and its products industry had begun to take shape. With the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, some companies declared bankruptcy due to their inability to operate. The companies that had struggled to survive had their production volume declining year by year due to the aging of production equipment. In the 1990s of the 20th century, the Russian leather industry shifted from the original export of finished products to the export of raw hides, and the domestic tannery and shoe industries were paralyzed or semi-paralyzed. The decline in the production of the Russian leather industry started in 1991. The lowest point was after the outbreak of the economic crisis in 1998, and the resurrection was in 1999. In 2002, Russia had 50 leather factories and 220 shoe factories. The county's production capacity of the leather industry is 440 million square meters; the annual production capacity of the shoe factory is 160 million pairs. Overview In 2002, Russia had 31 chrome tanneries, of which 16 tanneries accounted for 93% of the country’s total production. Located in Tver (Ostashkovskykozhzavod), Ryazan (Russkayakozha) and Yaroslavl (KhromLLC), the three regions with the largest output of chrome tanned leather in Russia; 15 tanneries are soft leather production plants, of which 7 factories account for the total production 85% of the amount. The largest production companies are mainly distributed in Kirov (Vakhrushi-yuft), Yaroslavlregion (Rybinskykozhzavod), and Nizhniy Novgorod (Khromatin) regions. There are mainly 15 bottom leather factories, of which, five of them account for 72% of its total production. The largest bottom leather factory is in the Voronezh region (Shevro). In 2002, the annual production volume of chrome tanned leather in the Russian leather industry was 117.59 million square meters, the production volume of soft leather was 10.05 million square meters, and the production volume of bottom leather was 7.38 million square meters. The problems currently facing the Russian tanning industry are mainly insufficient cash savings, serious aging of machinery and equipment, and lack of funds for equipment renewal; low output value, uncompetitive finished products, large unplanned production volume, and large export volume of raw hides; low-priced finished leather imports Large amount and so on. Raw material leather market Compared with other raw material markets, the main characteristics of the Russian raw material leather market are extremely unstable and price changes. Unlike other raw material markets, the market supply does not increase according to the increase in consumer demand. Since 1998, Russian hides have been carried out through private traders or middlemen, or exported abroad. The meat joint factory accounts for 20% of the total hide production, and similarly sells its hides to exporters or puts them on the market. The raw hides required for production in tannery are generally purchased from middlemen, and the quality of raw hides falls into the low-grade leather that falls within the range of 15-20% of the export standard. From the beginning of 1999, the Russian leather industry began to adjust its product structure. With the support of local government departments, tannery companies began to purchase and produce leather according to their wishes. Some regions have also formulated relevant laws and regulations to help the leather industry realize its aspirations. Despite the declining cattle inventory, aging production equipment, and declining production growth rate, the Russian tanning industry still insists on using domestic leather for production instead of importing leather. At present, the Russian leather industry is dominated by small tanneries and joint ventures. Raw leather problem 1) High-quality raw leathers of Grade 1 and 2 are all exported abroad. In other words, 80% of the raw hides used for processing high-quality leather are exported to foreign countries through commercial establishments, and 20% of the raw hides used by the tannery companies in Russia are of extremely poor quality. 2) The amount of the original hide is seriously deteriorated. The main reason is that the poor management of the livestock during the breeding process caused the livestock to stab the skin on the sharp and hard iron wire fence, resulting in serious disability of the hides and a decline in the hide level. 3) Feeding volume and raw hide yield tend to decrease. In recent years, the number of cattle in Russia has declined year by year. In 1991, Russia's cattle inventory was 57 million heads. In 2002, Russia's cattle inventory dropped to 27.8 million heads. Cattle farms are deteriorating and the prevalence of livestock is increasing, which further reduces the quality of hides. 4) Lack of processing technology. Lack of experienced professional and technical personnel; outdated production equipment. 70-75% of livestock slaughtering is done on individual farms without professional skills such as slaughtering, peeling, and skin preservation. This is also the main reason for the poor quality of raw hides and an increase in the consumption of raw hides per finished leather by 20-25%.
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