Reasons for the decline in cotton production in Uganda

by:JIYALI     2021-08-08
Recently, officials of the Uzbekistan Cotton Development Bureau (CDO) answered questions from Uzbek reporters on the reasons for the decline in Uzbek cotton production. 1. Regarding the question of whether CDO provides cotton farmers with cotton seeds with a germination rate of less than 20%, an official from the Uganda Cotton Development Bureau explained that since the establishment of the Cotton Development Bureau in 1994, cotton seeds inspected by the National Seed Identification Service have been provided to cotton farmers every year. During the dry season In the harvest season, the lowest germination rate of cotton seeds is 75%; in the wet season, the lowest germination rate of cotton seeds also reaches 70%. Every year after the cotton is harvested, Uzbekistan CDO purchases cotton seeds from cotton ginning plants, after packaging and processing, they are handed over to cotton ginners for distribution to cotton farmers. Before the cottonseed is distributed to the cotton farmers, it must be strictly inspected to ensure that its germination rate is not less than 70%.  2. Regarding the question of whether the government provides help to cotton farmers, CDO officials said that starting from the 2002/03 fiscal year, the Uzbek government has provided cotton seeds to cotton farmers free of charge in accordance with the government’s strategic plan to increase the output of some export commodities. In order to increase cotton production and income, the Uzbek government has always attached great importance to investment in the country's cotton industry.  3. Regarding why cotton ginners cannot continue to provide technical support and material input to cotton farmers, and the reasons for the decline in Uzbek cotton production in the past ten years. CDO officials said that in order to cooperate with the Uzbekistan government's cotton production increase plan, most Uzbek cotton ginners initially actively supported activities related to cotton planting and production, and helped them increase cotton output by training them and providing them with pesticides. From 2003 to 2006, Uzbekistan's cotton production grew rapidly in the 2003/2004 fiscal year and 2004/05 fiscal year, reaching 160,000 bales and 250,000 bales respectively. Due to the extension of the dry season in the 2005/06 fiscal year, cotton production in the entire East African region declined. Uzbekistan's cotton output was only more than 100,000 bales. In the 2006/07 fiscal year, due to the failure of the cotton ginners and other operators to reach an agreement, most of the cotton gins stopped supporting cotton planting and production plans, which had a great impact on cotton planting and cotton production input, resulting in 2007 Uzbek cotton production declined in January. In addition, due to the lack of enthusiasm of cotton farmers, lack of training, and unfavorable control of cotton diseases and insect pests, Uzbek cotton production began to decline at the beginning of the 2007/08 fiscal year.   4. Regarding the purchase of Uzbek cotton by cotton purchasers. Uzbek CDO officials stated that in the past, almost all cotton ginners were engaged in lint processing and sales. But at present, most cotton buyers are also involved in investing in cotton ginning, whose processing capacity accounts for nearly 70% of Uzbek's cotton output. Although Uzbekistan still has some cotton ginners opened by non-cotton buyers, and their processing capacity accounts for about 40% of Uzbek’s cotton output, some cotton buyers monopolize Uzbekistan by providing financial support to these ginners in advance. The cotton market, which makes it difficult for other international cotton buyers to enter the Uzbek market.
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