Fiber consumption in Eastern Europe is increasing year by year

by:JIYALI     2021-08-06
Recently, the British consulting company PCI published a report on the forecast of fiber consumption in Eastern Europe in 2010. The summary is as follows:    Changes in per capita fiber consumption The per capita annual consumption is slightly less than 15 kilograms. At that time, although Western Europe was economically richer than Eastern Europe, its fiber consumption was at the same level. In addition, Japan's consumption was at the level of 15-17 kg before the mid-1980s.   At the end of the 1980s, consumption in Western Europe reached 19 kilograms and Japan rose to 20 kilograms. With the changes in the political system in Eastern Europe, per capita fiber consumption fell, and it had fallen to 5 kilograms in the mid-1990s. However, consumption in Eastern Europe has subsequently recovered strongly and has now risen to the 10 kg level, and is expected to continue to grow in the future, reaching the 15 kg level by 2015.   At present, the per capita fiber consumption of major countries and regions in the world is: 38 kg in North America, 24 kg in Western Europe, 16-20 kg in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan Province of China, 15 kg in Mainland China, 4 kg in India, etc.  The current status of the fiber industry  The final fiber consumption in Eastern Europe is the input of products in the region (factory consumption) and the import of textiles, clothing, and other secondary products.  During the planned economy period of the old system, Eastern Europe imported very few fibers and textiles from outside the region, and most of them were supplied by fiber materials produced in the region, and the supply and demand were balanced. However, this situation has gradually changed since the 1990s. Since 2001 when China joined the WTO, imports of textiles and clothing have expanded rapidly. Since then, imports from Eastern Europe have grown at a faster rate than the growth of the fiber industry in the region.   The annual consumption in Eastern Europe will continue at the current annual scale of 2 million tons. This relatively low state of development will result in an average annual growth rate of only 1.1% in the consumption of fiber factories in the region from 2000 to 2010.  Consumption of various types of fiber  In 2006, the factory consumption share of various types of fiber in Eastern Europe was 41% of cotton, 7% of wool, 7% of polypropylene, 23% of chemical filament, and 22% of chemical staple.   Due to the bumper harvest of cotton in recent years, its price is relatively low compared with polyester and other main synthetic fiber materials, and the demand is in an expanding trend. In 1990, the share of Eastern European cotton in fiber consumption was 47%, and then the share gradually decreased. It is expected that its share will expand to 43% by 2010. However, in terms of the competitiveness of cotton textiles, China, India, Pakistan, etc. have advantages. Coupled with the impact of increased textile imports, in the long run, it is expected that the share of cotton consumption in fiber factories in Eastern Europe will be less than 40%.  Mao’s share has not changed much, from 6% in 1990 to 7% now. It is expected to be at this level in 2010, and there will be no major changes. The share of polypropylene fiber was 3% in 1990, and now it has expanded to 7%, and it is expected to further expand to 8% in 2010. The average annual growth rate from 2000 to 2010 is expected to be 7%.   The polypropylene fiber market has a large market share in Eastern Europe. Mainly filaments for carpets and filaments for geotextiles, spunbonded nonwovens for geotextiles, nonwovens for sanitary materials, etc. The manufacturing process from polymers to products can be completed in one factory, which is more cost-effective. Procurement of semi-finished products from outside the region must have an advantage.   Chemical fiber (mainly acrylic, nylon, polyester, cellulose fiber) filament and staple fiber production scale is roughly the same, but in the long run, the proportion of chemical fiber factory consumption in the Eastern European textile industry will gradually shift to filament. Because its filament has an advantage over staple fiber in terms of cost and has a wide range of uses.   Among chemical fiber filaments, the average annual growth rate of the factory consumption of nylon filaments during 2000-2010 is expected to be 1.3%. The growth is driven by industrial yarns such as strong yarns for tire cords. The growth rate of polyester filaments over the same period was 2.4%.   The average annual growth rate of chemical fiber staple fiber during 2000-2010 decreased by 1.8%. Considering that the raw material cost of polyester is only about 50% of nylon, it is inevitable that polyester will become a substitute for nylon. The annual growth rate of acrylic staple fiber is expected to decrease by 0.9%, and the demand for acrylic fiber will also be replaced by polyester in the future. In the Eastern European market, the demand for cellulosic staple fiber is forecast to reduce its annual growth rate by 3.0%.   As a substitute for nylon and acrylic, the demand for polyester staple fiber continues to expand, and the demand for quilt and other cotton wool is also expanding. The annual growth rate is expected to be 5.5%. In addition, it is expected that in the field of non-woven fabrics, industry demand for resin bonding and thermal bonding is also expanding.
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