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Introduction: The Brazilian leather industry's cumulative export value in the first five months was nearly US$1 billion, an increase of 18.9% over the same period last year. In May, the export of Brazilian raw hides hit a new high for two consecutive months. On the one hand, the rapid development of the Brazilian leather industry is related to professional leather education. At the same time, Brazil is the only country in the world that conducts research on the leather comfort of shoes. Through the research of changes in different materials and different stress conditions, researchers have obtained different data. From the results, people's demand for material comfort is obtained and applied in practice to improve the market competitiveness of Brazil's leather industry. The data released by the Brazilian Leather Industry Association shows that the total leather exports in March were US$19194 million, an increase of 10.2% from US$173.72 million in the same period last year, and an increase of 1.4% from the export value in February this year. The export value is higher than the same period last year because the leather price this year is higher than last year, and the total export weight in the first three months of this year is higher than the same period in 2011 and 2012. In May, the export of Brazilian raw hides hit a new high for two consecutive months. In May, the export value of Brazilian raw hides, semi-finished hides and leather increased by 16.8% year-on-year. The export value reached 229.3 million US dollars, an increase of 5% from the previous month, and the export volume increased by 16.9%. In the first five months, the cumulative export value was nearly US$1 billion, an increase of 18.9% over the same period last year, and the number increased by 25.3% to 14.5 million. Among them, finished leather accounted for 54.3%, crust leather accounted for 6.1%, wet blue leather accounted for 34.5%, and salt wet leather accounted for 0.6%. China, Hong Kong and Italy are still the top three buyers. The United States ranks fourth, while the fifth place exports have fallen sharply, only one-tenth that of China. Of the exported leather, 54% is finished leather, 35% is wet blue leather, 6% is crust leather, and 4% is split leather. The Brazilian government began to take action a few years ago to promote the export of finished leather and reduce the export of wet blue leather by adjusting export taxes. This practice has been controversial in the leather industry. The top three states in terms of export volume are Sao Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná. It is worth mentioning that Paraná’s leather production value is only half that of Sao Paulo. In recent years, the rapid development of Brazil's leather industry has an important relationship with Brazil's leather education. In the picturesque outskirts of New Hamburg, Brazil, there is a country house-like school, the Brazilian Leather School. This is an internship venue for first-year students in school. Although it is an internship site, the equipment is the most advanced equipment actually used in the factory. In the first semester, students should start from the most basic theory and technology, and mainly engage in the study and practice of the raw skin peeling link. Next to the teaching building is the very authoritative leather testing laboratory in Brazil. It is integrated with the teaching links of the whole school and becomes the last sight of this school. At the same time, the Brazilian leather technology research has also made a major breakthrough. Dr. Milton, director of the Biomechanics Research Laboratory of the Leather Research Institute in Brazil, said that Brazil is the only country in the world that conducts leather comfort research on shoes, and the only research institute in Brazil is Brazil. The institute mainly conducts research on engineering, human mechanics and biology, and has cooperative projects with many countries. In terms of proportion, 90% comes from research on local product technology, while 10% comes from research on European and American projects. Through research on changes in different materials, different environments, and different stress conditions, researchers have derived people's needs for material comfort from different data and applied them to improve the market competitiveness of Brazil's leather industry.
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